Nalanda, Patna (Bihar)
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Nalanda is the name of an ancient university located at 55 miles from Patna in Bihar. This university was the largest residential Buddhist centre of learning in the world with a 9 storied library. It is one of seven wonders of India and a major tourist attraction in the country. It attracts large number of tourists coming to Bihar. It is believed that Lord Buddha visited Nalanda during his last tour through Magadha. Buddha stayed at Nalanda several times.
The historical University of Nalanda was founded in the 5th century by the Gupta emperors. The University during its days was a prosperous residential university with over 10, 000 students and 1500 teachers. In the year of 1193, the historical University of Nalanda was destroyed by Bakhtiyar Khilji, a Turk invader. And since then the University is in the state of ruins.
Today, tourists from all over the world, visit Nalanda to see the ruins and historical sites of Nalanda University. The ruins of this historical university occupy an area of about 14 hectares. Completely built in red bricks the ruins of Nalanda considered to be as one of the seven wonders of India giving tourists glimpse of bygone era. There is a Hieun Tsang Memorial Hall in Nalanda. The hall was built in the memory of Chinese traveler Hieun Tsang who stayed at Nalanda University both as student and as teacher.
Worth Visit Attractions in Nalanda : -
How to Reach Nalanda
By Air : The nearest airport is at Patna (capital of Bihar) located at the distance of 93 km.
By Rail : The nearest railway station is at Bakhtiyarpur located at the distance of 38 km.
By Road : Nalanda is well-connected by road with Patna, Rajgir, Gaya, Kolkata and Delhi.
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